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Tet is the most important and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam which is around late January or early February, is dependent upon every year. It is usually an occasion for family reunions and giving up on the troubles in history year and longing for a greater upcoming year. This tradition is becoming sacred and secular and, therefore, irrespective of where they’re or no matter what circumstances, members of the family find methods to revisit meet their family.
Vietnamese consider Tet is the national holiday that can last for three days. However, used it can be longer and divided into three periods, before New Year’s Eve, New Year’s Eve, and the New Year. These phases consist of activities and customs are celebrated in Vietnam.
Before New Year’s Eve is a period begins one or two weeks before the actual celebration. There are numerous things you can do like and also decorate the houses, try and pay all debts or everything borrowed before Tet, buy fresh clothes and presents for your relatives…
The typical atmosphere leading up to Tet is incorporated in the bustle of shopping, decorating the home, cooking traditional Tet food and looking forward to relatives to come back home. These days, the streets and finance industry is filled with people want . great deal of commercial activity will cease during the celebrations; along with Red, symbolizing good luck and happiness is seen everywhere.
To decorate the home, Vietnamese people often display Ochna integerrima, peach flower, kumquat tree…from the family area based on locality. However, some individuals also decorate their properties with bonsai and flower plants like chrysanthemum, marigold symbolizing longevity, in Southern Vietnam and paper white flower, lavender, in Northern Vietnam.
Food preparation plays an important role in Tet celebration. Each family cooks special holiday foods showing the importance of food in its celebration. Many of the meals is also eaten year-round, while other dishes are just eaten during Tet. Also, a number of the meals is vegetarian since it is thought to be best of luck to consume vegetarian on Tet. Some traditional foods on Tet are sticky rice (Banh chung), watermelon seeds (Hat dua), pickled onion and pickled cabbage (Dua Hanh), jam…Preparations because of these foods are very extensive.
A host of worship rituals also appear in now. As the legend goes, each year on December 23 with the lunar calendar, your kitchen God takes a ride over a carp towards the Heavenly Palace to produce a set of the affairs in the household on earth and then returns on December 30 to welcome the brand new Spring. So Vietnamese people often prepare an altar consist of incense, flowers, fruits, and foods to say farewell your home God. Sticky rice and salt may also be offered from the streets to the hungry ghosts who could be wandering in the neighborhood.
These Tet preparations often finish before New Year’s Eve. It does not take comfortable and interesting time for everyone when finishing Tet preparation, paying all debts or everything borrowed before Tet. It’s also the time all members in family gather to enjoy atmosphere of family reunion including deceased ancestors. Vietnamese believe that their deceased ancestors will check out the family to the holiday through worship of inviting the Ancestors. In order that they prepare a sumptuous meal to welcome back the ancestors using a worship altar consist of flowers, fruits, candles, incense sticks and foods. In the end of the ritual, they will dutifully burn beautifully decorated paper tunics and clothes and even symbolic paper money – goods that our ancestors will require in Heaven.
Within the New Year’s Eve, Vietnamese people often prepare the closely family dinner, celebrate New Year’s Eve worship (Cung giao thua) and wait for sacred moment of the passage in the old on the Year by viewing sparkling firework.
The beginning of Tet starts around the first day of the lunar month. Traditionally, in the early morning in the first day, Buddhists check out their favorite pagoda; the Catholics search for a pre-midnight mass to wish for happiness, prosperity for his or her family inside the New Year. There’s also a tradition called "mung tuoi" (happy new year) from the north and "li xi" inside the south. Usually, children wear their fresh clothes and give their elders the standard Tet greetings before receiving a red envelope.
Vietnamese people believe that the very first person concerns their homes on the Year Day, who’s referred to as the first-foot is vital. They’re going to bring all the best or disaster for that New Year, so people usually choose who will be their first – foot.
In these days, people avoid arguments, or saying any bad things. Sweeping is taboo, since it symbolizes sweeping the luck away. It’s also taboo if you possessed a recent loss in family members to visit anyone else during Tet.
During subsequent days, people visit relatives. Traditionally although not strictly, the 2nd day of Tet is usually available to friends, as the third day is for teachers, who command respect in Vietnam.
Vietnamese Tet has several original practices with customs and entertainment who have distinct Vietnamese cultural characteristics. Although being from any location, Vietnamese people never forget and these customs on Tet holiday. From the framework as soon as i’ve, several customs and practices are presented to ensure readers can better understand the traditional Tet of Vietnam.
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